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高仿微信公众号“钓鱼”诈骗危险
[时间:2019-08-31]  [文章来源:上海百络]  [责任编辑:admin]

        骗子们(men)如今开始(shi)利(li)用(yong)仿冒(mao)官方(fang)微信(xin)公(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)号(hao)(hao)(hao)进行(xing)诈(zha)骗,有(you)(you)的(de)(de)通(tong)(tong)过取“高仿名”冒(mao)充正(zheng)规机构,有(you)(you)的(de)(de)通(tong)(tong)过造假(jia)、借用(yong)他人(ren)(ren)工商执照、法人(ren)(ren)信(xin)息(xi)注册微信(xin)公(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)号(hao)(hao)(hao)实施诈(zha)骗。记者采访了(le)(le)(le)解(jie)(jie)到(dao),不(bu)(bu)少人(ren)(ren)都认为(wei)(wei)公(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)号(hao)(hao)(hao)可信(xin)度较(jiao)高,操作(zuo)(zuo)时(shi)很少点开详细资料了(le)(le)(le)解(jie)(jie)公(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)号(hao)(hao)(hao)的(de)(de)注册、认证(zheng)背景等。浙(zhe)江(jiang)的(de)(de)陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士就曾(ceng)因(yin)为(wei)(wei)关注了(le)(le)(le)一个(ge)虚假(jia)的(de)(de)微信(xin)公(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)号(hao)(hao)(hao),导致新办(ban)理的(de)(de)信(xin)用(yong)卡被骗消(xiao)费上千元。办(ban)理了(le)(le)(le)交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)银(yin)行(xing)的(de)(de)信(xin)用(yong)卡后,为(wei)(wei)方(fang)便(bian)日后查账(zhang)(zhang),陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士在微信(xin)中(zhong)找到(dao)了(le)(le)(le)一个(ge)名为(wei)(wei)“交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)银(yin)行(xing)中(zhong)心办(ban)卡进度询问”的(de)(de)微信(xin)公(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)号(hao)(hao)(hao)。陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士打通(tong)(tong)页(ye)面(mian)上提(ti)供的(de)(de)客(ke)服(fu)(fu)电(dian)话,接电(dian)话的(de)(de)男(nan)子自(zi)称(cheng)是交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)银(yin)行(xing)的(de)(de)“客(ke)服(fu)(fu)”。该“客(ke)服(fu)(fu)”让陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士提(ti)供信(xin)用(yong)卡账(zhang)(zhang)号(hao)(hao)(hao)和手机号(hao)(hao)(hao)码,并(bing)称(cheng)随后会发验(yan)证(zheng)码到(dao)陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士的(de)(de)手机上。陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士按照对方(fang)的(de)(de)指示,将收到(dao)的(de)(de)四条验(yan)证(zheng)码全数(shu)报(bao)出。在即将报(bao)出第(di)五个(ge)验(yan)证(zheng)码时(shi),陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士突然意识到(dao)验(yan)证(zheng)码不(bu)(bu)能随意告诉陌生人(ren)(ren)。陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士立刻挂(gua)断了(le)(le)(le)电(dian)话,并(bing)拨(bo)打了(le)(le)(le)交(jiao)通(tong)(tong)银(yin)行(xing)的(de)(de)官方(fang)咨询热线(xian),但为(wei)(wei)时(shi)已晚(wan)。银(yin)行(xing)的(de)(de)工作(zuo)(zuo)人(ren)(ren)员告诉陈(chen)女(nv)(nv)士,其(qi)信(xin)用(yong)卡已被消(xiao)费5笔(bi),合计1500元。泉(quan)州市反诈(zha)骗中(zhong)心民(min)警表示,除了(le)(le)(le)冒(mao)充金(jin)融部门公(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)号(hao)(hao)(hao)诈(zha)骗,这两年还(hai)出现假(jia)冒(mao)网(wang)络贷款、购物(wu)网(wang)站、中(zhong)介机构等公(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)号(hao)(hao)(hao)的(de)(de)诈(zha)骗案。

        不(bu)(bu)(bu)少(shao)微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号是(shi)(shi)“李(li)鬼”,根据注册(ce)主体的不(bu)(bu)(bu)同,微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号分为个人(ren)号和企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)号,企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)号服务(wu)号可以(yi)(yi)获得链接到外网等(deng)更多(duo)权限,经(jing)认(ren)(ren)证的公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号甚(shen)至可以(yi)(yi)开(kai)通(tong)(tong)支(zhi)(zhi)付通(tong)(tong)道。申请官方(fang)认(ren)(ren)证需(xu)提交(jiao)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)营(ying)(ying)业(ye)(ye)(ye)执(zhi)(zhi)照、法(fa)(fa)人(ren)信(xin)(xin)(xin)息(xi)等(deng)资料(liao)。微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)平(ping)台上能查(cha)找(zhao)到一批类似“扫码(ma)支(zhi)(zhi)付助(zhu)手(shou)”“支(zhi)(zhi)付平(ping)台助(zhu)手(shou)”“银行卡安(an)全助(zhu)手(shou)”“动(dong)感地带(dai)10086”等(deng)看似“官方(fang)”的公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号,点击查(cha)询这些公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号的详细资料(liao),才(cai)发现(xian)竟是(shi)(shi)无相(xiang)关(guan)营(ying)(ying)业(ye)(ye)(ye)资格的个人(ren)号。经(jing)微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)官方(fang)认(ren)(ren)证的公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号也(ye)被造(zao)假者(zhe)(zhe)盯(ding)上。在电商平(ping)台上,记(ji)者(zhe)(zhe)发现(xian)不(bu)(bu)(bu)少(shao)声称(cheng)可以(yi)(yi)“公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号定制(zhi)、名称(cheng)自取,极速(su)通(tong)(tong)过(guo)公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号、服务(wu)号、订阅号、小(xiao)程(cheng)序注册(ce)和认(ren)(ren)证”的商家(jia)。一位来自安(an)徽的商家(jia)告(gao)诉(su)(su)记(ji)者(zhe)(zhe),缴纳(na)680元可注册(ce)经(jing)微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)官方(fang)认(ren)(ren)证的企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)号;微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)要(yao)求的营(ying)(ying)业(ye)(ye)(ye)执(zhi)(zhi)照、银行对公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)账(zhang)户、法(fa)(fa)人(ren)信(xin)(xin)(xin)息(xi)等(deng)资料(liao)可以(yi)(yi)全由该商家(jia)包(bao)办,公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号平(ping)时(shi)(shi)运营(ying)(ying)完全交(jiao)给(ji)记(ji)者(zhe)(zhe)。可能要(yao)从公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)号外导至其(qi)他付款网页(ye),因(yin)为和该公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)合法(fa)(fa)的营(ying)(ying)业(ye)(ye)(ye)范(fan)围(wei)是(shi)(shi)“两张(zhang)皮”,担心微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)方(fang)面会(hui)审查(cha),卖家(jia)表示“微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)方(fang)面完全不(bu)(bu)(bu)会(hui)管(guan),可以(yi)(yi)放心运营(ying)(ying)”。微(wei)信(xin)(xin)(xin)认(ren)(ren)证每年要(yao)收取300元,是(shi)(shi)支(zhi)(zhi)付给(ji)第三方(fang)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)审核(he)机构的审核(he)服务(wu)费用(yong)。记(ji)者(zhe)(zhe)致电其(qi)中一家(jia)第三方(fang)审核(he)机构,该公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)客服告(gao)诉(su)(su)记(ji)者(zhe)(zhe):“首次(ci)认(ren)(ren)证完了,管(guan)理员平(ping)时(shi)(shi)如何(he)操(cao)作,做些什么(me),公(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)都(dou)看不(bu)(bu)(bu)到,也(ye)不(bu)(bu)(bu)会(hui)管(guan),只(zhi)是(shi)(shi)每年年审时(shi)(shi)再次(ci)核(he)实(shi)营(ying)(ying)业(ye)(ye)(ye)执(zhi)(zhi)照、经(jing)营(ying)(ying)范(fan)围(wei)等(deng)相(xiang)关(guan)资料(liao)。”

        微信(xin)(xin)公(gong)众(zhong)号(hao)在(zai)名称和资料审核(he)、日常运营等(deng)(deng)方面还存在(zai)漏(lou)洞。根据电(dian)子(zi)商(shang)务法(fa)等(deng)(deng)有关法(fa)律(lv)的(de)(de)相关规(gui)定,互联(lian)网(wang)平(ping)(ping)(ping)台(tai)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)承担起主体(ti)责(ze)任,应依法(fa)加强对(dui)(dui)平(ping)(ping)(ping)台(tai)内各经营者(zhe)的(de)(de)管(guan)(guan)理,特(te)别是(shi)对(dui)(dui)金(jin)融、政务、支付等(deng)(deng)相关行(xing)业公(gong)众(zhong)号(hao)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)着重进行(xing)人工(gong)审核(he),提升(sheng)开设(she)门槛,避(bi)免其(qi)沦(lun)为诈(zha)骗工(gong)具微信(xin)(xin)官方团队回(hui)应,在(zai)微信(xin)(xin)公(gong)众(zhong)平(ping)(ping)(ping)台(tai)开设(she)公(gong)众(zhong)账(zhang)号(hao)的(de)(de)用户,需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)遵(zun)守国家相关法(fa)律(lv)法(fa)规(gui),不(bu)从(cong)(cong)事违(wei)法(fa)或(huo)违(wei)反《微信(xin)(xin)公(gong)众(zhong)平(ping)(ping)(ping)台(tai)服(fu)务协(xie)议》及相关规(gui)则的(de)(de)行(xing)为。平(ping)(ping)(ping)台(tai)现在(zai)对(dui)(dui)公(gong)众(zhong)号(hao)涉及“银行(xing)”这一(yi)类的(de)(de)命名,均严格要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)求(qiu)申(shen)请者(zhe)需(xu)(xu)提交相关金(jin)融资质(zhi)才可命名;上文提到的(de)(de)“银行(xing)卡安全(quan)助手”公(gong)众(zhong)号(hao)属(shu)于注(zhu)册时间较早(zao)的(de)(de)账(zhang)号(hao),平(ping)(ping)(ping)台(tai)已要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)求(qiu)其(qi)7天内改(gai)名或(huo)更换有资质(zhi)的(de)(de)主体(ti),如到期未调整,将直接(jie)清空(kong)名称。网(wang)信(xin)(xin)安全(quan)与信(xin)(xin)息化(hua)专家李(li)洋表(biao)示,从(cong)(cong)技术(shu)角(jiao)度(du)看,通过假(jia)冒微信(xin)(xin)公(gong)众(zhong)号(hao)“钓(diao)鱼(yu)”,一(yi)般需(xu)(xu)注(zhu)册第三(san)方钓(diao)鱼(yu)网(wang)站域名并开发实(shi)现对(dui)(dui)应所(suo)需(xu)(xu)的(de)(de)诈(zha)骗功能,打击(ji)此类“钓(diao)鱼(yu)链(lian)接(jie)”,需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)平(ping)(ping)(ping)台(tai)对(dui)(dui)接(jie)国家级统一(yi)的(de)(de)钓(diao)鱼(yu)网(wang)站信(xin)(xin)息库(ku),监(jian)管(guan)(guan)部门与平(ping)(ping)(ping)台(tai)协(xie)同(tong)发力。


     



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